Last Update: September 2016
Farmed shrimp are a major import product into North American and European markets, typically produced in tropical countries. The bulk of farmed shrimp is produced in Asia. Key issues in shrimp production include the need to manage disease risk, public water quality, marine feed ingredient sourcing, and continued opportunities for small-scale producers. There are other issues in feed supply chains and post-harvest processing, but they are not the focus of this grouping. SFP is working with major importers to develop aquaculture improvement projects that tackle issues both along individual supply chains and in the wider industry.
List of all AIPs covered by the SR:
Thailand (Surat Thani – Beaver Street Fisheries)
Thailand (Chumphon – Seabest/Seafarms)
Vietnam (Ca Mau – National Fish and Seafood)
India (Andra Pradesh – National Fish and Seafood)
Indonesia (East Java – Shrimp Club of Indonesia)
SR-level improvement recommendations:
- Encourage suppliers to formally participate in the Asia Farmed Shrimp SR
- Ask suppliers for transparency on the provinces they are sourcing shrimp from (so that FishSource assessments can be developed for relevant provinces).
- Identify entry points to start AIPs using one of the four different types of improvement models beingused by industry to improve aquaculture practices. Each model can be used individually, but they may also build off one another to ultimately lead to a full zonal aquaculture improvement project (AIP):
1. Group certification to BAP/GGAP/ASC
Example: National Fish & Seafood effortsNational Fish has launched four small farm group pilots for the purpose of bringing small shareholder shrimp farmers up to the internationally recognized aquaculture standard for certification under the Global Aquaculture Alliance’s Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification program. For now, the focus is on bringing the farms in line with BAP certification and not on the broader (zonal) impacts. The group certification model does, however, include the need for an internal control system between the farms, so drives the need for some initial cooperation between the farms.
2. Core farm to create zone pilot
Example: Beaver Street Fisheries efforts Beaver Street has identified a group of farms around its core supplying farm (which is already certified, but its neighbors are not) to work with on data sharing between farms on disease issues and water quality. It does not include all the farms in the region, but it is a good place to start a dialogue among neighboring farms and, it is hoped, will lead to a producer association more formally coordinating issues such as stocking and fallowing in order to further minimize disease risks.
3. Full zone to BAP certification
Pilots will include an area of tilapia farmers in Hainan, shrimp farmers in the Gulf of Fonseca, and salmon farmers in Atlantic Canada
This approach will have a minimum requirement that the majority of farms in an identified watershed participate in coordinated stocking, fallowing, disease treatment, and information sharing to ensure disease mitigation. This is an industry-driven approach – it does not formally involve regulators – toward “area management” and is initially focused on disease management. Later evolutions of the standard will cover water quality and eventually feed, labor, and other issues for standardization across industries.
4. Full AIP (industry association/province level)
Example: Hainan Tilapia AIP
This type of improvement project needs the buy-in and participation of an industry association to develop and implement good practices by which all participants agree to abide, including those that would minimize disease risks and environmental impacts. The association will need to get the attention of government and research institutions to work with it. The overall goal is to bring good practices into effective industry planning and wider evidence-based policy around responsible feed ingredient sourcing, disease management, and environmental quality.
Objective of the SR:
- Minimize disease risks and environmental impacts of the shrimp industry through the initiation of multi-stakeholder aquaculture improvement projects, including the engagement of small-scale producers.
- Improve traceability of final products and transparency of inputs particularly on the sources of fishmeal.
AIPs initiated by National Fish & Seafood in India and Vietnam to BAP group certification Seafood Expo (Boston), March 2014 – First SR meeting to understand key issues in major producing countries
Additional AIP model developed with a focus on engaging farms that neighbor a core supplier. Beaver Street Fisheries initiated development of such an AIP with suppliers in Thailand. Seafood Expo (Boston), March 2015 – Refining and sharing revised AIP modelsVancouver, October 2015 – Reviewing progress of initial AIP implementation
Initiation of preparation for new AIP with Seabest/Seafarms in Chumphon, Thailand.
Seafood Expo (Boston), March 2014
Seafood Expo (Boston), March 2015
GOAL (Vancouver), October 2015
Individual AIP meetings happen on ad hoc basis. Suppliers need to identify common source provinces before collaborating on AIPs.