Farmed shrimp, which is a major import product into North American and European markets, is typically produced in tropical countries, the bulk of it in Asia. Key issues in shrimp production include the need to ensure proper site selection and spatial planning to effectively manage disease risk and public water quality, and protection of sensitive habitats and ecosystems. There are also important considerations with respect to marine feed ingredient sourcing and how to ensure continued opportunities for small-scale producers.

The Asian Farmed Shrimp Supply Chain Roundtable focuses on engaging governments and national industry to improve management of the shrimp industry and accelerate adoption of better management practices to reduce disease risk and environmental impacts. The SR works by advocating for policy and regulatory change directly via supply chain networks, as well as by initiating and supporting multi-stakeholder aquaculture improvement projects (AIPs).

The Asian Farmed Shrimp SR is comprised of leading North American and European importers of farmed shrimp from Asia (see the Participants tab for a full list). The participants monitor and support the following AIPS, all of which are listed in the AIP Directory:

Indonesia

Thailand

The SR participants cooperate pre-competitively to tackle issues and engage governments and whole producing sectors in the improvements needed to ensure that sustainable aquaculture products are available at scale. Members use various tools, including initiating and tracking AIPs, to encourage zonal management. The SR has initiated discussions with Asian governments on reducing disease risks in light of the impact of COVID-19 on imports of disease-free broodstock. While the current geographic focus of the SR is in major producing regions of Indonesia and Thailand, members continue to explore how best to address improvements in other major producing countries, including China, India, and Vietnam. For more information on current work being undertaken by the Supply Chain Roundtable, please see the Activity tab.

Within the Target 75 initiative, shrimp are broken into two sectors: large shrimp and small shrimp. The large-shrimp sector includes shrimp larger than 100 shrimp per pound (100-count class size). This distinction in size class recognizes the different market shares held by the two commodity types. The large-shrimp sector consists primarily of farmed shrimp and wild warmwater shrimp, but also includes larger coldwater shrimp. Farmed shrimp accounts for over two-thirds of the large-shrimp sector volume.

According to SFP’s 2020 T75 update, 662,400 tonnes of farmed shrimp are considered to be improving with respect to sustainability. This includes nearly 590,000 tonnes from farms certified to ASC, BAP, or GlobalGAP standards, and an additional 73,000 tonnes from aquaculture improvement projects (AIPs). This improving volume accounts for nearly 7 percent of the large-shrimp sector volume.

However, an analysis of FishSource aquaculture profiles and scores for farmed shrimp show that there are significant sustainability concerns across all major farmed-shrimp production regions, and improvements in these areas could lead to substantial gains in the sustainability of the large-shrimp sector overall. Due to its cumulative impact on water quality and shared disease, environmental, and reputational risks, the farmed shrimp industry is at high risk of supply chain disruption in all countries. Therefore, there is a critical need to improve farm planning and management practices across the entire industry. 

The primary target regions for improvement are those with predominantly export-focused industries that are selling into engaged markets. This includes Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. Together, these production regions account for 3.3 million tonnes, representing over 35 percent of global large-shrimp production. 

Urgent supply chain engagement required

Target 75 can only be achieved by expanding improvement efforts to shrimp production in China, which produces almost 2.5 million tonnes of large farmed shrimp and accounts for almost 26 percent of the large-shrimp sector. As such, the SR seeks to engage buyers from China.

Production areas and/or AIPs covered

Several broad efforts are underway to improve the environmental and social aspects of shrimp production and trade, including the Seafood Task Force, Sustainable Shrimp Partnership, and Asian Seafood Improvement Collaborative. 

Please find an overview of all T75-relevant fisheries, including those not currently prioritized by the SR here

Farmed shrimp AIPs currently reporting on the AIP Directory:

Indonesia

Thailand

Vietnam

The SR welcomes additional participation of market-based buyers of farmed shrimp, especially those sourcing from China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. 

Current Supply Chain Roundtable participants include:

Aqua Star

Beaver Street Fisheries Inc.

Chicken of the Sea

Fortune International

High Liner

Hilton Seafood UK

Lyons Seafoods

Seafresh Group

Sunnyvale

Thai Union Manufacturing Co, Ltd.

The Fishin’ Company

Progress Update

A summary of SR progress and activities can be found here.

Sustainability Issues

For 2020-2021, SFP has advised the Asian Farmed Shrimp Supply Chain Roundtable participants of the following improvement needs:

  • Adoption of zonal approaches to aquaculture management at the national and regional levels. This includes working with all stakeholders, from local shrimp clubs and cooperatives to government ministries, to promote effective planning and coordinated management of environmental and disease risks at the landscape level.
  • Improved data collection and transparency to enable the development of FishSource assessments for relevant provinces.
  • Development of good aquaculture planning guidelines and delivery of carrying-capacity tools.
  • Establishment of pre-competitive AIPs in provinces that are significant sourcing locations. 

SR Workplan

The SR will be reviewing a proposed workplan based on the above listed improvement needs in the first quarter of 2021.

Project Contact

If you would like more information about the Supply Chain Roundtable or wish to support it, please contact SFP.

Asian Farmed Shrimp Update – July to September 2020

This briefing provides an update on progress, activities, and news in the areas of interest to the SR. It also indicates any actions and further support needed. A full summary of past progress can be found in our SR Chronicles

1.     Improvements in Target 75 Priority Shrimp-Farming Regions

An overview of improvement areas is identified in the 2018 T75 Farmed Shrimp Sector Strategy Report, including those currently not necessarily prioritized by the SR. The prioritized SR improvement areas are national-level engagement in China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. 

Update: The AIP Directory has three AIPs in Thailand and one SFP AIP in Indonesia, along with two non-SFP AIPs in Indonesia – for a total of six shrimp-related AIPs publicly listed on the AIP Directory.

Further support needed: More projects are always needed. If you have an ongoing or new improvement project with producers or regulators in any geography, please add it to the AIP Directory.

2. Support to established AIPs and improvement efforts 

Thailand

Update: Meetings took place within the Department of Fisheries in Thailand to further determine a route for data sharing. Challenges include concerns around supporting one company platform over another, especially a non-Thai solution.

Further support needed: It is always valuable to have processors involved in the project directly, so we encourage all buyers of shrimp from Thailand to ask their suppliers to contact us to join the project activities.

Indonesia

Update: A meeting has been planned with KKP Indonesia to present updates to Aquascape that could support both carrying-capacity planning and disease management.

Further support needed: It is always valuable to have processors involved in the project directly, so we encourage all buyers of shrimp from Indonesia to ask their suppliers to contact us to join the project activities.

3. Support for mitigation of overarching AIP sustainability issues

Relevant news: COVID-19 has continued to impact the possibility of increased farmer engagement, especially as farmers are not familiar/comfortable with online call platforms. Testing of shrimp continues in Thailand, but with reduced numbers this year. Work with one group of farmers in Banyuwangi has been maintained by Jala with a local technician.

Further support needed: Learn more details about the tools and work with SFP to highlight to producers and regulators the value of engagement in overarching/zonal improvements. 

4. Expansion of the SR 

Target 75 can only be achieved by expanding improvement efforts to shrimp production in China, which produces 2.2 million tonnes of large farmed shrimp and accounts for almost 45 percent of the sector (SFP, 2018). As such, the SR seeks to engage buyers from China, but also seeks further support for the projects in Thailand and Indonesia, and to re-activate efforts in India and Vietnam. 

Update: The disease management letter was distributed to relevant government departments and industry associations in China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The letter received additional signatures from more than 25 buyers and retailers, including non-SFP partners, at the request of Seafresh and Lyons. Hilton Food Group joined the SR as a result of the letter being distributed.

Further support needed: SR members have supported the drafting of a letter to ministries in the main producer countries asking for action on coordinated health management. The letter is currently in circulation to members for signatures and some are asking customers to sign, too. If you have not yet signed, please contact SFP.

Project Contact

If you would like more information about the Supply Chain Roundtable or wish to support it, please contact SFP.

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