Last Update: April 2018
Almost all blue swimming crab fisheries in Asia are facing similar challenges, including: a lack of nationwide stock assessments; inadequate management, enforcement, and monitoring; and insufficient precaution in protecting the stocks. Of particular concern are the landing, harvest, and sales of juvenile crabs and berried females (female crabs bearing eggs) and the declining trend in crab size and catch per unit effort. In addition, there are some significant impacts on bycatch and retained species, especially in bottom trawl and gillnet fisheries.
SFP’s general approach is to convene suppliers and buyers into a roundtable and then provide support and guidance in generating activities that promote sustainable management of the fisheries. In this case, the NFI Crab Council serves the function of a supplier roundtable for the swimming crab fisheries in Southeast Asia.
SFP provides assistance to the NFI Crab Council where necessary including:
- Providing guidance on the approaches the members can take to addressing any problems in FIPs (e.g., discussing conditions required to rebuild the stocks, monitoring compliance with minimum landing size requirements, etc.).
- Monitoring the sustainability status of swimming crab stocks and conducting independent evaluations of FIP progress. SFP will put those together in regular reports (semi-annual).
- Providing technical assistance to stalled FIPs where local experts cannot help, (for instance, the creation and promotion of control documents).
- Providing training in best practices in implementing FIPs.
SFP also provides links to relevant, third-party-operated fishery improvement projects and associated public reports in Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, and Thailand,