The Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna Supply Chain Roundtable (SR) is an expansion of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean Longline Tuna SR. In October 2018, the SR was merged with the Indonesian Tuna and Large Pelagics SR, because of the overlap in participants and the primary interest in Indonesia as the world’s largest producer of tuna. In November 2018, the tuna component of the Eastern Pacific Ocean Large Pelagics SR moved to the Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna SR (the EPO SR is now the Global Mahi SR). The roundtable has an emphasis on high-quality, line-caught yellowfin and bigeye tuna that enters the market as fresh or frozen product.
The roundtable serves as a forum for companies that are involved in the supply of fresh or frozen yellowfin and bigeye tuna and wish to actively support improvements in fishery management through fishery improvement projects (FIPs). FIPs can address particular improvement needs for specific fleets, as well as potential developments in the policies of coastal states.
Improvement efforts may include the promotion of best practices for data acquisition, observer coverage, transshipments, bycatch reduction, elimination of illegal fishing, and promotion of best practices regarding labor rights policies of coastal states. FIPs can also seek to promote changes in policy (e.g., the introduction of harvest control rules) at the regional level through the relevant regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs).
SFP also provides responsible procurement specifications for tuna buyers and encourages roundtable participants to adopt these guidelines.
If you would like more information about the roundtable or wish to support it, please contact SFP.
The T75 sector report for fresh and frozen tuna details the state of the sector. Based on 2014 production data, 73,000 tonnes, or 15 percent of the global production, are currently considered sustainable or improving, using publicly available information on MSC status and FIP progress ratings reviewed in early October 2017.
There is room for improvement, especially in three countries: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Japan. An additional 19.5 percent of global production could shift to the improving category if national-level FIPs in Indonesia and Sri Lanka can be fully launched through existing supply engagement. In addition, new supply chain engagement in Japan will be required to close the gap to T75 by supporting or starting national fleet FIPs in Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and China.
Fisheries Covered by the Roundtable:
The roundtable primarily focuses on all fisheries for yellowfin and bigeye tuna entering the fresh/frozen market. These are typically longline or handline fisheries. An overview of fisheries covered by the SR can be found here.
- Indian Ocean tuna - longline (Thai Union)
- Indonesia Banda Sea Yellowfin Tuna - handline
- Indonesia Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific Ocean tuna - longline
- Indonesian Indian Ocean yellowfin tuna - handline
- Sri Lanka tuna and swordfish - longline
Western Pacific Ocean:
- Cook Islands bigeye tuna – longline
- Federated States of Micronesia yellowfin and bigeye tuna - longline FIP
- Hawaii tuna and large pelagics - longline
- Indonesia Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific Ocean tuna - longline
- Japan albacore tuna - longline
- Marshall Islands bigeye/yellowfin tuna - longline
- Pacific tuna - longline
- Philippines yellowfin tuna - handline
- Vietnam yellowfin tuna - longline/handline
Eastern Pacific Ocean:
The roundtable is currently inviting suitable companies, especially Japanese buyers, to participate in this SR.
Culinary Collaborations LLC
Improvement needs, objectives, and action recommendations for 2020 are in development, and will be published after the annual SR meeting
An overview of past progress can be found in our SR Chronicles.
Improvement Needs and Recommendations
Below are the improvement needs required in fisheries management in both the Indian and Pacific Oceans if we are to meet our shared goal of sustainable tuna fisheries, along with our recommendations and actions for achieving them.
1.Harvest control rules (HCRs) need to be formally adopted for yellowfin tuna (YFT) and bigeye tuna (BET) stocks by all of the regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs).
Influence the RFMOs, through their members and cooperating non-members, to implement target and limit reference points and effective HCRs for all YFT and BET target stocks as a matter of urgency.
2. Target and limit reference points need to be formally adopted and implemented for all YFT and BET stocks managed by the RFMOs, as well as principal bycatch species.
Influence the RFMOs, through their members and cooperating non-members, to implement target and limit reference points for all YFT and BET target stocks and principal bycatch species as a matter of urgency.
3. Compliance with all national and RFMO conservation and management measures must be improved and/or better documented publicly.
Request your suppliers to provide evidence of a) compliance with conservation and management measures to their country government and b) their government’s submission of compliance reports to each RFMO in a timely manner.
4. Collection of fisheries data (e.g., catch and effort) must be improved, and data should be provided regularly to national and RFMO administrations.
Request improved data collection (i.e., electronic logbooks) and data reporting to ensure complete and accurate datasets (e.g., catch and effort) and timely delivery to the national and RFMO databases.
5. Longline tuna fisheries must reduce bycatch and/or bycatch mortality to levels consistent with global best practice (e.g., of sharks and rays, sea turtles, sea birds, and other vulnerable species).
Request your suppliers to reduce bycatch and/or bycatch mortality through increased implementation of best practice measures (e.g., nylon leaders, circle hooks, bird-scaring lines) and monitoring with observers or electronic monitoring.
SFP has a webinar explaining how the supply chain can successfully implement these measures.
Require your suppliers to adopt a “fins naturally attached” rule for sharks in order to discourage shark finning and the associated misreporting of shark bycatch.
6. Better monitoring and enforcement is needed to reduce illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing.
Request that your suppliers follow best practices during transshipment at sea in order to help reduce opportunities for IUU fishing
Above all, request your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project (FIP). For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP's Guide to FIPs.
The Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna Supply Chain Roundtable is dedicated to the improvement of fisheries that supply line-caught YFT and BET to the fresh and frozen markets and will adopt a number of different approaches to promoting effective regulatory policies and best practices, including:
- Identification of relevant tuna fisheries important to SR participants
- Initiation and implementation of new FIPs
- Engagement with IOTC and WCPFC delegations to positively impact decision making with respect to tuna fishery sustainability
- Ensuring SR participants are informed on developments in tuna sustainability, including other NGO work and new and existing pan-industry bodies
- Development of an Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP webpage.
Indonesia National Tuna FIP
Under SFP’s Target 75 Initiative, we are seeking to achieve 75 percent of global production of key seafood sectors (including both shelf-stable and fresh/frozen tuna sectors) to be either improving (i.e., in a credible FIP making adequate progress) or sustainable (i.e., MSC-certified). Accordingly, there are two tactical “successes” based on T75:
- We increase the number of FIPs.
- We increase the volume of product in FIPs.
Strategically, our T75 analyses of tuna recommend that we move away from fishery-by-fishery FIP initiation and instead focus on larger-scale (or regional) FIPs that offer economies of scale.
Indonesia is considered the world’s largest producer of tuna and has the most abundant tuna fisheries in the world. Unsurprisingly, therefore, our T75 tuna analysis recommends a large-scale FIP in Indonesia’s EEZ as an important route for achieving T75 in fresh and frozen tuna.
Several initiatives are already underway, or planned, with the goal of improving the sustainability of Indonesia’s tuna fisheries. To avoid the risk of overwhelming the local industry and government with yet another initiative, it is imperative that any strategy is sensitive to this possibility and aims to collaborate and/or build upon existing efforts.
As such, several organizations funded by the Walton Family Foundation to work on Indonesian tuna are collaborating through a coordination platform, facilitated by Marine Change, that meets two-to-three times a year. The membership includes Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP), the International Pole and Line Foundation (IPNLF), the Indonesia Pole & Line and Handline Association (AP2HI), Masyarakat Dan Perikanan Indonesia (MDPI), WWF Indonesia, Hatfield Indonesia, and The Nature Conservancy (TNC).
The platform has been effective in providing clarity on work areas and has enabled the members to avoid duplication.
In addition, a major element of the coordination platform will be to collate the improvement needs for all Indonesian tuna FIPs through a National Tuna Fisheries Action Plan and work synergistically to address cross-cutting needs, including policy changes.
SFP’s work to support the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP
Following discussions with the coordination platform, SFP’s contribution to improving Indonesian tuna fisheries includes supporting industry to initiate large-scale longline tuna FIP(s).
This will be achieved by using results from the Indonesia tuna MSC pre-assessment conducted by WWF Indonesia to identify fisheries from the units of assessments and engage with the fishers/fleet owners to explain the opportunities for fisheries improvement and potential market access/market security.
SFP supported the development of the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP by coordinating the industry to develop a FIP workplan and seek funding for FIP implementation activities. The National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP is being coordinated by the Indonesia Longline Tuna Association (ATLI) and is listed on Fishery Progress as Indonesia Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific Ocean tuna - longline. SFP will support the transition of any additional prospective or existing longline tuna FIP(s) to coordinate with the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP into implementation, by driving market pressure and working through the coordination platform to realize the necessary policy changes.
Furthermore, we will keep SFP’s fresh and frozen tuna market partners informed of developments with the FIP via our Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna Supply Chain Roundtable, in order to drive improvements by Indonesian suppliers.
Will there be one overarching tuna FIP?
We envisage that there will be fishery-specific FIP workplans to emerge from the program that will contain unique improvement needs and also some common improvement needs, likely P1 and P3 elements.
Through the coordination platform, we will work with existing and prospective FIPs from NGO colleagues, as we expect many MSC Principle 1 and 3 (P1 and P3) improvement needs in these FIPs will be the same.
The figure below demonstrates this visually.
For updates on SFP’s work on the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP project click here.
How to Get Involved
1. Include FIPs in your procurement policy
Justification: If purchasing seafood that is not sustainable, source from operators that are working proactively to improve the health, environmental, and social performance of fisheries or farms, and can demonstrate significant progress in fixing problems by meeting clear milestones and deadlines for improvement.
How to complete: Source from FIPs that meet the Conservation Alliance guidelines for basic or comprehensive FIPs. Require that FIPs you source from meet at minimum the criteria for basic FIPs, are listed on the Fishery Progress tracking website, and demonstrate adequate progress (i.e. A-C rated).
2. Make a public commitment supporting the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP
Justification: Creating a public company commitment to supporting the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP shows an important commitment to action and provides essential encouragement to Indonesian fisheries to participate and to the Indonesian government to continue making improvements to fisheries management.
How to complete: Outline activities your company will undertake to support the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
3. Make your support public (e.g., posted on your website or in your place of business)
Justification: Send a letter of support (to us in the first instance).
How to complete: A letter provides tangible evidence of your support for the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP. The following text can be used in a letter:
This letter is to express the support of [your company] for the SFP initiative to create a new national longline tuna FIP in Indonesia.
We are interested in sourcing [more] longline-caught tuna from Indonesia, and the realization of this initiative will influence our purchasing.
We encourage all stakeholders to fully engage to ensure the initiative is successful.
4. Contribute financially/in-kind
Justification: SFP has secured funding for the majority of the pre-FIP work, but there may be a requirement for financial support for development of a FIP workplan(s)
How to complete: Formally express interest to SFP in participating in the initiative.
5. Review your sourcing and consider buying from the fisheries participating in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
Justification: Companies that buy and sell seafood can make a significant difference by changing buying practices and communicating expectations to suppliers. Support improving tuna fisheries within the initiative through purchasing decisions.
How to complete: Discuss potential sourcing with companies participating in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
6. Recommend that your suppliers engage in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP
Justification: Companies that buy and sell Indonesian tuna can make a significant difference by changing buying practices and communicating expectations to vendors.
How to complete: Encourage Indonesian fisheries to engage with SFP at an early stage to ensure they are included within the mapping exercise.
This work is funded in part by the Walmart Foundation.
Quarterly Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna SR Update – July to December 2019
This briefing provides an update on progress, activities, and news in the areas of interest to the SR. It also indicates any actions and further support needed. A full summary of past progress, including details from past quarterly updates, can be found in our SR Chronicles.
1. Target 75 Priority Fisheries
Update: The Costa Rica large pelagics – longline and green stick FIP was published on FisheryProgress.com and is in full implementation.
The national Indonesia Indian and Pacific Ocean tuna – longline FIP was successfully published on FisheryProgress.com. Four new producer companies in Indonesia (noted with a * below) have signed letters of interest to join the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP. This brings a total of 14 companies and ATLI as stakeholders in the national FIP:
- Indonesia Longline Tuna Association (ATLI) – FIP lead
- PT. Intimas Surya - ATLI member
- PT. Bandar Nelayan - ATLI member
- PT. Bali Tuna Segar - ATLI member
- PT. Perintis Jaya Internasional - ATLI member
- PT. Golden Tuna - ATLI member
- PT. Pahala Bahari Bali (previously named Bali Barramundi) - ATLI member (tuna processor/exporter/fishing company) *
- PT. Sumber Mina Samudera - ATLI member
- PT. Hatindo Makmur - ATLI member
- PT. Bali Mina Utama - ATLI member
- PT. Balinusa Windumas - ATLI member (tuna processor/exporter) *
- PT. Damena - ATLI member (tuna processor/exporter) *
- PT. Bali Maya Permai (canning) - non-ATLI member
- PT. Permata Marindo Jaya - non-ATLI member
- PT. Kelola Mina Laut - non-ATLI member (tuna processor/exporter/fishing company) *
An official launch event is being planned with ATLI for early January 2020.
Further support needed: SR participants to make a public commitment of support for the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
2. Support to established FIPs and improvement efforts
Please find an overview of all existing FIPs and improvement efforts, their current progress rating, and status here.
Update: Please see the Q3 and Q4 newsletters. All FIPs are rated A-C.
Further support needed: SR participants to check FIP ratings using FisheryProgress.com and review quarterly FIP progress reports.
3. Support for mitigation of overarching fishery/FIP sustainability issues
SR participants and retail partners engage with RFMO delegates and heads of state to call for comprehensive harvest strategies in the Indian and Western Central Pacific Oceans.
Update: The Global NGO Tuna Forum developed resources for market partners to engage the IATTC and WCPFC to strengthen the regulation of at-sea transshipment and require 100-percent observer coverage on industrial tuna fishing vessels – primarily longline and transshipment vessels.
- IATTC Engagement Guide, Templates & Resources, delegate details
- WCPFC Engagement Guide, Templates & Resources, delegate details
- Webinar on June 20, which had eight external attendees
- Press release
- Statement of support and online petition that businesses and organizations can sign
Further support needed: SR to engage and support the campaign letters. Engagement through sign-on by SR members is currently at about 60 percent for the 2019 work. We would expect higher participation rates for the 2020 campaign.
SR participants and retail partners utilize the longline bycatch mitigation best practice guide.
Update: SFP is working with a US retailer on a longline bycatch pilot using Hookpod, a tool for reducing seabird bycatch, with their supplier in a current FIP.
SFP will translate the longline bycatch guide to Bahasa and circulate to producers. Bycatch is included in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP workplan, and the workplan is uploaded to Fishery Progress.
Further support needed: SR participants to employ the requirements of the bycatch guide in sourcing guidelines.
SR participants and their customers publicly support national policy improvements in Indonesia as related to national tuna management and captured in the FIP workplan(s).
Update: Three companies that publicly committed to support the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP by signing the support letter provided financial support to the FIP.
Further support needed: Additional SR participants to make a public commitment supporting the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
Demonstrate scale of lobbying to positively impact IOTC, IATTC, and WCPFC decision making with respect to sustainability.
Update: Despite the lack of progress on the yellowfin tuna rebuilding measure at IOTC, we are pleased that the Commission considered a working draft of a yellowfin tuna Management Procedure (Harvest Strategy) and committed to continue funding the management strategy evaluation work. We applaud this initial step and look forward to seeing its further development in the coming years.
The UK Market Group, which produced the statement on IOTC yellowfin tuna, held a follow-up meeting on how to respond to the IOTC's decision on yellowfin (a 10 percent cut rather than the needed 25 percent).
The 2019 NGO Tuna Forum Global Sustainability Appeal has been accepted by the IATTC.
IATTC approved a road map that clarifies the scope and the steps to be followed in evaluating harvest strategies. Effective communication among scientists, managers, industry, and other interested actors is essential, and the scientist-manager workshops planned by the IATTC will be an essential mechanism to promote these dialogues.
The WCPFC Commission meeting and the IOTC Scientific Committee meeting were held in December. SFP staff did not attend these meetings, but monitored the results.
4. Expansion of the SR
Update: A new SR participant joined in Q3: Rema Foods/Food Import Group, a leading global food importer and supplier focused on providing unique specialty items as well as broader commodity-based products.
SFP’s Jim Cannon and Kathryn Novak participated in the Tokyo Sustainable Seafood Symposium in Japan in early November. Jim presented on Target 75, noting that the Japanese market is critical to advancing the sustainability of global seafood resources. Jim and Kathryn were joined by Yoshiki Haibara, special projects director at Culinary Collaborations, in a session the three hosted on the Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna Supply Chain Roundtable. In addition to providing an update on the sustainability status of tuna, the session focused on increasing awareness of the roundtable model, with the goal of getting more SR participation from Japanese companies. Side meetings were fruitful in raising awareness and generating interest in tuna improvement approaches.
Further support needed: Promote the SR to fellow industry and invite participation; share your supply chain knowledge re: tuna buyers from Japan, Italy, or Spain with SFP.