Culinary Collaborations LLC
Improvement needs, objectives, and action recommendations for 2020 are in development, and will be published after the annual SR meeting
An overview of past progress can be found in our SR Chronicles.
Improvement Needs and Recommendations
Below are the improvement needs required in fisheries management in both the Indian and Pacific Oceans if we are to meet our shared goal of sustainable tuna fisheries, along with our recommendations and actions for achieving them.
1.Harvest control rules (HCRs) need to be formally adopted for yellowfin tuna (YFT) and bigeye tuna (BET) stocks by all of the regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs).
Influence the RFMOs, through their members and cooperating non-members, to implement target and limit reference points and effective HCRs for all YFT and BET target stocks as a matter of urgency.
2. Target and limit reference points need to be formally adopted and implemented for all YFT and BET stocks managed by the RFMOs, as well as principal bycatch species.
Influence the RFMOs, through their members and cooperating non-members, to implement target and limit reference points for all YFT and BET target stocks and principal bycatch species as a matter of urgency.
3. Compliance with all national and RFMO conservation and management measures must be improved and/or better documented publicly.
Request your suppliers to provide evidence of a) compliance with conservation and management measures to their country government and b) their government’s submission of compliance reports to each RFMO in a timely manner.
4. Collection of fisheries data (e.g., catch and effort) must be improved, and data should be provided regularly to national and RFMO administrations.
Request improved data collection (i.e., electronic logbooks) and data reporting to ensure complete and accurate datasets (e.g., catch and effort) and timely delivery to the national and RFMO databases.
5. Longline tuna fisheries must reduce bycatch and/or bycatch mortality to levels consistent with global best practice (e.g., of sharks and rays, sea turtles, sea birds, and other vulnerable species).
Request your suppliers to reduce bycatch and/or bycatch mortality through increased implementation of best practice measures (e.g., nylon leaders, circle hooks, bird-scaring lines) and monitoring with observers or electronic monitoring.
SFP has a webinar explaining how the supply chain can successfully implement these measures.
Require your suppliers to adopt a “fins naturally attached” rule for sharks in order to discourage shark finning and the associated misreporting of shark bycatch.
6. Better monitoring and enforcement is needed to reduce illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing.
Request that your suppliers follow best practices during transshipment at sea in order to help reduce opportunities for IUU fishing.
Above all, request your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project (FIP). For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP's Guide to FIPs.
The Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna Supply Chain Roundtable is dedicated to the improvement of fisheries that supply line-caught YFT and BET to the fresh and frozen markets and will adopt a number of different approaches to promoting effective regulatory policies and best practices, including:
Under SFP’s Target 75 Initiative, we are seeking to achieve 75 percent of global production of key seafood sectors (including both shelf-stable and fresh/frozen tuna sectors) to be either improving (i.e., in a credible FIP making adequate progress) or sustainable (i.e., MSC-certified). Accordingly, there are two tactical “successes” based on T75:
Strategically, our T75 analyses of tuna recommend that we move away from fishery-by-fishery FIP initiation and instead focus on larger-scale (or regional) FIPs that offer economies of scale.
Indonesia is considered the world’s largest producer of tuna and has the most abundant tuna fisheries in the world. Unsurprisingly, therefore, our T75 tuna analysis recommends a large-scale FIP in Indonesia’s EEZ as an important route for achieving T75 in fresh and frozen tuna.
Several initiatives are already underway, or planned, with the goal of improving the sustainability of Indonesia’s tuna fisheries. To avoid the risk of overwhelming the local industry and government with yet another initiative, it is imperative that any strategy is sensitive to this possibility and aims to collaborate and/or build upon existing efforts.
As such, several organizations funded by the Walton Family Foundation to work on Indonesian tuna are collaborating through a coordination platform, facilitated by Marine Change, that meets two-to-three times a year. The membership, called the Tuna Consortium, includes Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP), the International Pole and Line Foundation (IPNLF), the Indonesia Pole & Line and Handline Association (AP2HI), Masyarakat Dan Perikanan Indonesia (MDPI), WWF Indonesia, Hatfield Indonesia, and The Nature Conservancy (TNC)/YKAN.
The platform has been effective in providing clarity on work areas and has enabled the members to avoid duplication.
In addition, a major element of the coordination platform will be to collate the improvement needs for all Indonesian tuna FIPs through a National Tuna Fisheries Action Plan and work synergistically to address cross-cutting needs, including policy changes.
SFP’s work to support the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP
Following discussions with the coordination platform, SFP’s contribution to improving Indonesian tuna fisheries includes supporting industry to initiate large-scale longline tuna FIP(s).
This will be achieved by using results from the Indonesia tuna MSC pre-assessment conducted by WWF Indonesia to identify fisheries from the units of assessments and engage with the fishers/fleet owners to explain the opportunities for fisheries improvement and potential market access/market security.
SFP supported the development of the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP by coordinating the industry to develop a FIP workplan and seek funding for FIP implementation activities. The National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP is being coordinated by the Indonesia Longline Tuna Association (ATLI) and is listed on Fishery Progress as Indonesia Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific Ocean tuna - longline. SFP will support the transition of any additional prospective or existing longline tuna FIP(s) to coordinate with the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP into implementation, by driving market pressure and working through the coordination platform to realize the necessary policy changes.
Furthermore, we will keep SFP’s fresh and frozen tuna market partners informed of developments with the FIP via our Global Fresh and Frozen Tuna Supply Chain Roundtable, in order to drive improvements by Indonesian suppliers.
Will there be one overarching tuna FIP?
We envisage that there will be fishery-specific FIP workplans to emerge from the program that will contain unique improvement needs and also some common improvement needs, likely P1 and P3 elements.
Through the coordination platform, we will work with existing and prospective FIPs from NGO colleagues, as we expect many MSC Principle 1 and 3 (P1 and P3) improvement needs in these FIPs will be the same.
The figure below demonstrates this visually.
For updates on SFP’s work on the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP project click here.
How to Get Involved
1. Include FIPs in your procurement policy
Justification: If purchasing seafood that is not sustainable, source from operators that are working proactively to improve the health, environmental, and social performance of fisheries or farms, and can demonstrate significant progress in fixing problems by meeting clear milestones and deadlines for improvement.
How to complete: Source from FIPs that meet the Conservation Alliance guidelines for basic or comprehensive FIPs. Require that FIPs you source from meet at minimum the criteria for basic FIPs, are listed on the Fishery Progress tracking website, and demonstrate adequate progress (i.e. A-C rated).
2. Make a public commitment supporting the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP
Justification: Creating a public company commitment to supporting the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP shows an important commitment to action and provides essential encouragement to Indonesian fisheries to participate and to the Indonesian government to continue making improvements to fisheries management.
How to complete: Outline activities your company will undertake to support the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
3. Make your support public (e.g., posted on your website or in your place of business)
Justification: Send a letter of support (to us in the first instance).
How to complete: A letter provides tangible evidence of your support for the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP. The following text can be used in a letter:
This letter is to express the support of [your company] for the SFP initiative to create a new national longline tuna FIP in Indonesia.
We are interested in sourcing [more] longline-caught tuna from Indonesia, and the realization of this initiative will influence our purchasing.
We encourage all stakeholders to fully engage to ensure the initiative is successful.
4. Contribute financially/in-kind
Justification: SFP secured funding for the majority of the pre-FIP work, and our partner, LINI, is working with the FIP on FIP implementation coordination and activities. However, there may be a requirement for financial support for specific activities in the FIP workplan(s).
How to complete: Formally express interest to SFP in participating in the initiative.
5. Review your sourcing and consider buying from the fisheries participating in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
Justification: Companies that buy and sell seafood can make a significant difference by changing buying practices and communicating expectations to suppliers. Support improving tuna fisheries within the initiative through purchasing decisions.
How to complete: Discuss potential sourcing with companies participating in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
6. Recommend that your suppliers engage in the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP
Justification: Companies that buy and sell Indonesian tuna can make a significant difference by changing buying practices and communicating expectations to vendors.
How to complete: Encourage Indonesian fisheries to engage with SFP at an early stage to ensure they are included within the mapping exercise.
This work is funded in part by the Walmart Foundation.
Quarterly Global Longline Tuna SR Update – July to September 2020
This briefing provides an update on progress, activities, and news in the areas of interest to the SR. It also indicates any actions and further support needed. A full summary of past progress, including details from past quarterly updates, can be found in our SR Chronicles.
1. Target 75 Priority Fisheries
Update: Observer data analysis was completed. 39 people signed up for the bycatch mitigation training with captains. A circle hook study is being planned for two areas in the Western Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) and one in the Indian Ocean, with targets for October 2020. SFP is working to engage the local authorities and the FIP vessels on participation in the circle hook study in the WCPO.
A meeting with industry was held in September, organized by IPLNF, and policy issues and needs relative to the longline fleet were discussed, in preparation for the planned engagement with the Indonesian delegation prior to the next RFMO meeting, to be held in December.
The Indonesia Longline Tuna FIP continues to attract FIP participants, and many companies are seeking to join the FIP, which will help with expanding the scope of the FIP. However, the FIP leadership has decided to focus on ensuring current FIP participants are active and meeting FIP commitments before reopening FIP membership in early 2021. The FIP will establish two open membership periods moving forward.
SFP is working to gather data on vessels <30GT to support the National Tuna Longline FIP, particularly with regard to small-size longline vessels operating in the Indian Ocean that have fishing licenses mostly from local governments. This data will help better characterize the longline tuna fleet, in order to expand the scope of the FIP and engage this segment of the fleet in joining the FIP.
Further support needed: SR participants to make a public commitment of support for the National Indonesian Longline Tuna FIP.
2. Support to established FIPs and improvement efforts
Please find an overview of all existing FIPs and improvement efforts, their current progress ratings, and status here.
Update: All FIPs are rated A-C.
Further support needed: SR participants to check FIP ratings using FisheryProgress.com and review quarterly FIP progress reports.
3. Support for mitigation of overarching fishery/FIP sustainability issues
SR participants and their customers publicly support national policy improvements in Indonesia, as related to national tuna management and captured in the FIP workplan(s).
Update: The transshipment ban in Indonesia expired in August, but is still under review and has the strong possibility that transshipment will be extended temporarily through December and allowed under the new regulation.
SFP continued to contribute to developing policy recommendations prepared by the Tuna Consortium for Sustainable Tuna Fisheries in Indonesia. SFP provided input, reviewed documents, and participated in Consortium meetings to discuss several white papers (recommendations) to be submitted/discussed with the government. These include:
1. Establishing a Tuna Management Institute (led by PT. Hatfield Indonesia)
2. Improving fish aggregating device (FAD) management and recommendations (led by MDPI)
3. Using fisheries traceability and e-Monitoring technology (led by Marine Change)
4. Establishing minimum data requirements for routine data collection in support of a harvest strategy for tuna fisheries in the Indonesian archipelagic waters (led by YKAN/TNC)
5. Seeking internal alignment for Indonesian archipelagic waters tuna management (led by EDF and MDPI)
6. Agreeing on recommendations to fulfill compliance to the WCPFC (led by IPNLF).
No further support needed currently.
SFP uses its technical and RFMO expertise and experience to advise SR participants on who, how, and what to engage.
Update: In a letter, 18 SR members and 11 SFP partners called on the US, EU, and approximately 45 governments to implement electronic monitoring in tuna fisheries to protect workers and ensure fishing continues to be sustainable. At-sea observer programs in tuna fisheries have been suspended by the RFMOs since April due to COVID-19. It is urgent to remind governments and RFMOs that electronic monitoring should become an accepted important adjunct to human observer coverage in tuna fisheries.
No further support needed currently.
Support active, strategic supply chain engagement of RFMOs to secure the timely implementation of measures around ETP bycatch and observer coverage.
Update: The IATTC virtual SC meeting was moved from June to July and was attended by SFP staff.
Ongoing analysis of RFMO ETP bycatch and observer coverage continued during Q3, with the aim to present this to the SR at an end-of-the-year virtual webinar to frame conservation around opportunity and need for engaging RFMOs on bycatch and observer coverage.
SFP will continue to attend and support SR participants to attend RFMO scientific and commission/annual meetings to publicly argue for improved sustainability management in RFMO-managed fisheries and to influence key member delegations to propose or support better management. Most of these meetings will be virtual in 2020, and SFP will inform SR members of dates and details as they become available.
No further support needed currently.
SR participants and retail partners successfully utilize the longline bycatch mitigation best practice guide.
Update: The Aldi/SFP/Hookpod project launch was postponed due to COVID-19, likely to Q1 2021.
No further support needed currently.
4. Expansion of the SR
Further support needed: Promote the SR to fellow industry and invite participation; share your supply chain knowledge re: tuna buyers from Japan, Italy, or Spain with SFP.