Mexico is the fourth-largest snapper and grouper producing country in the world, contributing five percent of the global snapper and grouper sector volume. While a great deal of that product (especially that which is harvested in the Pacific) remains in the domestic market, which is beginning to engage in sustainability, a substantial amount of Mexican snapper and grouper (primarily from the Gulf of Mexico) is exported to the United States. In fact, Mexico is the most important source of imported snapper and grouper in the United States, creating a very important trade relationship between these countries. Thus, the Mexican Snapper and Grouper Supply Chain Roundtable convenes US importers of Mexican snapper and grouper (see the Participants tab for a full list) and helps them to collaborate on snapper and grouper sustainability work in the Mexican portion of the Gulf of Mexico. The Supply Chain Roundtable (SR) monitors the work of existing snapper and grouper FIPs in that region (see below) and will evaluate and engage in sustainable work to address overarching issues, such as insufficient governance and illegal fishing.

Active FIPs:

This SR was launched in April 2021, after the dissolution of the Mexican Seafood SR (due to a need for enhanced SR participation requirements for the Mexican Pacific shrimp industry).  A history of Mexican snapper and grouper related work under the Mexican Seafood SR (2017-2021) and the preceding Americas Snapper and Grouper SR (2014-2017) can be found in the SR Archive. For more information on current work being undertaken by the Mexican Snapper and Grouper SR, please see the Activity tab.

Progress Update

A summary of SR progress and activities can be found in the SR Chronicles.

Current Objective: Monitor progress of key T75 fisheries toward sustainability and support or catalyze fishery improvements where needed.

Action Recommendations for SR Participants:

  • Support progress in Mexican Gulf of Mexico FIPs in key sectors (i.e., snapper, grouper) and encourage key FIPs to expand to national coverage.
  • Buyers of Gulf of Mexico snapper should encourage Mexican vendors to participate in the new FIP and provide financial support to the FIP, as able.
  • Buyers of Gulf of Mexico seafood should request Gulf of Mexico FIPs to collaborate to address shared challenges and help SFP evaluate the use of market-based tools to combat illegal fishing.

 SR Workplan

Improvement needs, objectives, and action recommendations for 2020-21 were developed and shared with the Mexican Seafood SR in March 2020. Due to COVID-19, industry approval of the workplan was delayed until September 2020, at which time SR participants committed to undertake at least one of the listed activities. The Gulf of Mexico snapper and grouper related activities from the September 2020 workplan were used to create the 2021 workplan for the Mexican Snapper and Grouper SR.

The T75 sector report for snapper and grouper details the sustainability status of the sector. Based on 2014 production data, about 147,000 tonnes (16 percent) of global production was considered sustainable or improving, using publicly available information on 2019 FIP status. Unfortunately, the 2020 review, based on 2018 production data and 2020 FIP status, indicated a decline in the percent improving to only 8 percent, due to declines in reported FIP volumes in Indonesia, Mexico, and Brazil, coupled with increased production of both wild and farmed snappers and groupers in countries not engaged with sustainability work. 

The success of T75 in the snapper and grouper sector depends upon key production countries, such as Mexico, to demonstrate that sustainable management and harvest of snapper and grouper is possible.