The Asia Reduction Fisheries Supply Chain Roundtable (SR) seeks to address the improvements required in Asian fisheries that supply raw material for the production of fishmeal and oil for use in aquaculture feeds and other products. These include directed fisheries (e.g., Indian oil sardine) and the multispecies/multigear fisheries found throughout the Asia region. These fisheries are highly complex, and generally undermanaged. There have recently been efforts made in Thailand, Vietnam, and India to launch fishery improvement projects for some fisheries that supply fishmeal (directly and through byproducts). However, there are fisheries with similar issues throughout the region (e.g., China, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Brunei, Cambodia, Bangladesh), where similar initiatives are being explored.

An industry-led, multi-stakeholder Seafood Task Force was formed in 2014 to address environmental and social issues in Thailand’s seafood supply chain, including those identified in fisheries supplying fishmeal and oil. The work of the Task Force is aligned with the efforts of SFP’s Asian Reduction Fisheries Supply Chain Roundtable as well as the Farmed Shrimp Supplier Roundtables, and vice versa. The Task Force currently has over 30 commercial members representing all parts of the seafood supply chain, plus 12 formal external stakeholders representing environmental and social NGOs, certification standards, and service providers. SFP is an active participant in the Task Force. 

The T75 sector report for reduction fisheries details the state of the sector. Currently, 7.4 million tonnes, or 41 percent of the global production in reduction fisheries is considered sustainable or improving. The vast majority of this volume is under the Atlantic/Pacific reduction fishery sub-sector, which, if considered by itself, would have met the T75 goal already. Engagement in Asia is lower because of the complexity of the fisheries, a lack of transparency, and insufficient governance.

The Asian Reduction Fisheries SR addresses the improvements required in the typically tropical, multispecies/multi-gear fisheries in Asia. The specific fisheries of recent interest involve those supplying fishmeal in Thailand and Vietnam. There are fisheries with similar issues in the region (e.g., China, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Brunei, Cambodia, Bangladesh, and India) where similar initiatives are being explored.

Fisheries and/or FIPs covered:

The Supply Chain Roundtable tracks a number of mixed species fisheries used for reduction and human consumption in the region, but the current focus of field work is Thailand, Vietnam, and India. 

SFP’s FishSource database contains fishery profiles within the ASEAN region.  However, these profiles only represent a fraction of the species involved, and most fisheries are data deficient.

The following FIPs and/or scoping projects are supported and monitored:

Vietnam

Thailand

India

For more details on the sustainability status of the fisheries, progress of the FIPs, and improvement recommendations, please click here.

The SR welcomes additional participation of market-based buyers of fishmeal and oil for aquaculture feed production, especially those sourcing from China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand fisheries. 

Current Supply Chain Roundtable Participants include:

Cargill
CP Foods
Grobest
Fishin Co 

SFP acknowledges the following companies, who participated in earlier efforts to support improvements in Asian fisheries:

ALDI South Group
Aquastar
Asda
The Co-operative Food UK
Davigel
Fleury Michon
Icelandic Group PLC
Lyons Seafood
Morrisons
Sainsbury's UK

Improvement Needs & Recommendations: 

The Asia Reduction Fisheries Supply Chain Roundtable (SR) has sought to improve its current knowledge of the issues associated with the concerned fisheries.

Recommended actions for the entire supply chain include: 

  • Promote development and implementation of fishery management plans and strategies oriented toward complex multi-species fisheries (rather than single-species models).   
  • Launch fishery improvement projects on key fisheries supplying fishmeal and oil for aquaculture feeds.
  • Support development of certifications schemes oriented to multi-species fisheries. When available, demand products that make use of fishmeal and oil from certified fisheries or fisheries engaged in credible improvement projects.
  • Ensure that appropriate data (landing statistics, fishing grounds, effort, catch species, and size composition) on marine fishes used for producing fishmeal and oil is publicly available and supports efforts for responsible fishery management.
  • Establish robust fishing vessel registers and licensing (including gear, species, and area). Ensure that suppliers of raw materials, as well as processors, act to address any labor/social issues that are identified and comply with all relevant labor laws.
  • Ensure full traceability of feed ingredients and feed lots throughout the supply chain.
  • For producers: Provide appropriate information about the species they source for producing fishmeal and fish feed (origin, catch, and size composition) as well as from where and how the fisheries operate (fishing grounds/vessel types/gears/landing ports).
  • For producers: Assist SFP in improving its understanding of the production and use of fishmeal and fish feed (processing process, labeling and packaging, traceability documentation, value, and commercial chain).
  • For producers: Provide appropriate information about the species they source for producing fishmeal and fish feed (origin, catch, and size composition) as well as from where and how the fisheries operate (fishing grounds/vessel types/gears/landing ports).
  • For producers: Assist SFP in improving its understanding of the production and use of fishmeal and fish feed (processing process, labeling and packaging, traceability documentation, value, and commercial chain). 

Project Contact

If you would like more information about the Supply Chain Roundtable or wish to support it, please contact SFP.

An overview of past progress can be found here.

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