Last Update: May 2017
Fishmeal and fish oil are increasingly important products derived from the processing of small pelagic or other low trophic level species. The rising demand of fishmeal and fish oil is due to its high nutritional value, providing an easily digestible and protein-rich resource to the aquaculture and livestock sectors. The rising dependence on fish oil and fishmeal has led to sustainability challenges in the main fisheries supplying raw material. Despite improvements in sustainability made by the fish oil and fishmeal sector during the last ten years, several fisheries around the globe still face serious challenges.
The South America sub-region concentrates some of the most important fish stocks used for the production of fish oil and fishmeal. Species used for marine ingredients in Central and South America include anchoveta, Pacific anchoveta, Araucanian herring, and jack mackerel. Stocks are mainly concentrated in the East Pacific Ocean, along the coasts of Peru and Chile, where anchoveta stocks alone represent approximately 30% of the world’s fishmeal and fish oil. Initially aimed at covering the South American sub-region, the scope of the roundtable was broadened to all Latin America in April 2017 with the aim of including all raw material sources used by the roundtable participants.
The Latin American Reduction Fisheries Supply Chain Roundtable (SR) focuses on monitoring sustainability status and performance of fisheries used for fishmeal and fish oil production. SFP’s approach with this project is to convene suppliers and buyers to support and encourage improvement activities and help meet market requirements.
The SR provides a platform (both physical and virtual) to discuss matters of common interest, identify fisheries where improvements are required, catalyze FIPs, explore models for financing FIPs, and develop procurement specifications promoting sustainability.
Supply Chain Roundtable Participants:
Cargill Aqua Nutrition Chile (EWOS)
FIPs and/or Fisheries Covered:
The Latin American Reduction Fisheries Supply Chain Roundtable focuses on South and Central American reduction fisheries. SFP’s FishSource databases contain sustainability information on the main fish stocks supplying raw material to the marine ingredients industry.
The following FIPs are supported and monitored:
For more details on the sustainability status of the fisheries, progress of the FIPs, and improvement recommendations, please click here.
- Review status of relevant reduction fishery stocks in South and Central American waters and identify improvement needs.
- Identify improvement work underway and in need of additional support.
- Discuss future partnership and cooperation opportunities to improve key fisheries.
- Encourage industry to initiate fishery improvement projects (FIPs) where improvements are still needed.
- Monitor and support good progress of FIPs underway.
- Provide briefings on emerging sustainability issues in the region that may impact supply, certification, corporate reputation, and other areas important to the seafood industry.
- Improved stock assessment models that consider environmental variables should be developed. Once adequately tested, ensure they form the basis of the management strategies.
- Develop management plans for the relevant fisheries with specific harvest control rules that take into account the role of key target species in the ecosystem.
- Improve intergovernmental coordination in science and management, which is key for transboundary stocks.
- Improve knowledge of the interactions of the key fisheries with the ecosystem.
- Data gathering systems should be improved. Data needs include improved reporting of catches and discards and interactions with habitats and non-target species.
Improvement recommendations for the supply chain:
- Advocate for the development of annual stock assessments that incorporate improved catch data and consider the effects of environmental variability on the population. Stock assessment results should be peer reviewed and publically reported.
- Request relevant government authorities to develop/support current ongoing efforts to develop long-term management plans with explicit harvest strategies and reference points that take into account the key role of the key target species in the ecosystem.
- Work with scientists and managers to enhance current available knowledge of ecosystem interactions including, among others, improving reporting of catches and discards, interactions with habitats and all types of non-target species.
- In those cases where management plans have already been developed, encourage and support prompt implementation.
- Encourage government authorities to establish coordinated fishery research and management plans for transboundary stocks.
- Engage in specific FIPs if you or any of your suppliers source fishmeal from these fisheries.
- Producers in Chile have signed an agreement to implement a FIP for the Chilean northern anchovy stock. More information can be found here.
January – March
- Peruvian and Chilean industry key actors met during the 2016 Americas Fisheries and Aquaculture Forum (Miami) and explored joint paths for improvements in the South American anchovy fisheries.
- Key actors involved in the Peruvian and Chilean anchovy fisheries are currently preparing a Peru-Chile Anchovy Summit aimed at improving bilateral relationships, enhancing communication, and exploring joint management solutions—with support of scientific and technical advice—for a sustainable fishery.
May – August
- Pre-assessment for the North Chile-South Peru shared stock is ongoing. The pre-assessment results will serve as the basis for FIP workplan development.
- Several meetings were held between SFP and WWF to coordinate efforts related to reduction fisheries both in Chile and Peru.
- The Supply Chain Roundtable was established with confirmed participation from Skretting Chile and Cargill Aqua Nutrition Chile (EWOS).
September – December
- The new Reduction Fisheries Sector Report was shared with SR participants and regional stakeholders. It triggered a discussion of the evaluation results and exchange with the FishSource scientists on the analysis of FishSource scores.
- Stakeholders attended a FIP workshop in Guayaquil (Ecuador) organized by Scaling Blue with the support of Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, CeDePesca, and WWF Ecuador. The workshop triggered exchanges among existing FIP implementers in the region and served to promote the FIP model.
- FIP training and technical advice was provided to staff of Vitapro.
- MSC and SFP conducted a joint meeting with Skretting to provide information on the MSC certification model for the reduction fisheries in the region and how the FIP approach aligns with MSC certification requirements.
- The pre-assessment of the North Chile-South Peru shared stock is being finalized. SFP provided support to El Centro de Investigación Aplicada del Mar (CIAM) in revising the MSC pre-assessment and developing a FIP workplan.
- Peruvian Sociedad Nacional de Pesquería expressed interest in aligning efforts with the North Chile anchovy FIP to cover the whole stock through a coordinated improvement effort.
January – March
- Work of the SR participants with regional stakeholders and industry contributed to the announcement of a FIP for the industrial purse seine fishery in Peru of the North-Central anchovy stock. The FIP includes industry (Sociedad Nacional de Pesquería – SNP), implementer CeDePesca, and a steering committee formed by two members of the SR (Skretting and EWOS-Cargill).
- The North Chile-South Peru Anchovy FIP has completed its FIP workplan based on the pre-assessment results. CIAM staff participated in training on FIP reporting on fisheryprogress.org. SR members agreed to encourage prompt publication of the FIP on Fisheryprogress.org.
- SR member Vitapro initiated work to start a FIP for Ecuadorian small pelagic fisheries.
April – May
- FIP implementers CIAM, Corpesca, and Camanchaca, along with SR member Vitapro, participated in dedicated panels on small pelagic fisheries and transboundary stocks at the SFP Americas Fisheries Forum held in San José, Costa Rica, on April 4.
- The SR met during the Americas Fisheries Forum. During the meeting, participants reviewed the status of fisheries covered by the SR and discussed ways to support the progress of relevant FIPs. Find the detailed meeting report, in Spanish, here.
- SR participants showed interest in expanding the range of coverage of the roundtable, since their sourcing includes raw material from Central America. It was thus agreed to rename the roundtable Latin American Reduction Fisheries Supply Chain Roundtable.
- SR participants agreed to work to recruit more regional participants for the SR.
- The Peruvian Anchovy FIP, covering the largest portion of the single most important stock globally for the reduction sector, has successfully started reporting on fisheryprogress.org.
If you would like more information about the Supply Chain Roundtable or wish to support it, please contact SFP.