Last Update: September 2018
Note: The Indonesia Tuna and Large Pelagics Supply Chain Roundtable operated from 2015–2018 and focused on monitoring sustainability status and issues of tuna and other large pelagic fisheries in Indonesia and pushing for improvements where they are needed. In September 2018, the SR was merged with the Global Fresh&Frozen Tuna SR, because of existing overlap in participation and focus on Indonesian fisheries as world largest tuna producers. The below keep the historical record of the SR.
Details related to the work in Indonesia, incl. of SFP representatives, can be found on the National Indonesia Longline FIP webpage.
Indonesia’s territorial waters adjoin both the Indian Ocean and the Western Central Pacific Ocean, two of the world’s most important fishing grounds for tuna and other large pelagic fish. Consequently, Indonesia is one of the most important producers of tuna and large pelagic fish in the world.
However, the fisheries face some major challenges including:
- Inaccurate, incomplete, and inconsistent catch data reporting for larger vessels
- A lack of data for the artisanal tuna fisheries (the current available annual catch data of tuna fisheries from Indonesia is collected only from larger vessels)
- A lack of detail in existing catch data that does not identify the catch for each species per gear type
- Limited or unavailable data for retained catch and bycatch
Several fishery improvement projects (FIPs) have been established by the industry and supported by NGOs. These FIPs vary in approach, the stakeholders involved, geographical scope, and fisheries covered. However, each FIP aims to improve their respective fisheries by addressing the challenges noted above.
The Indonesia Tuna and Large Pelagics Supply Chain Roundtable provides a platform to discuss matters of common interest and identify fisheries where improvements are required. The roundtable also catalyzes FIPs, monitors progress and supports FIP creation and implementation. SFP as representative of the SR participates in the Indonesia Tuna Strategy Development.
Supply Chain Roundtable Participants (status Aug. 2018):
Fisheries and/or FIPs Covered (Status Aug 2018):
The roundtable focuses on Indonesian longline and handline fisheries in the Indonesian EEZ, Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific Ocean.
The following FIPs are supported and monitored:
Improvement Needs and Recommendations:
1. Strengthen and improve catch data reporting from both artisanal and industrial tuna fisheries to support implementation of national tuna management plan.
2. Government of Indonesia should comply with conservation and management measures (CMMs) of regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs) (IOTC, WCPFC, CCSBT, and IATTC), including adoption of precautionary and ecosystem-based management measures (including biological reference points, harvest control rules, and increased observer coverage for longline fleets).
3. Support the implementation of the national and regional observer program on vessels over 30 gross tons (GT), and measures aimed at both target and incidental market species as well as non-market species, including ecologically related species (ERS), and all other mandated obligations.
SFP sees the newly established National Tuna Fishery Management Plan (Ministerial Regulation No. 107/KEPMEN-KP/2015) as a good opportunity to link the FIPs with the legal/roadmap framework established by the government to improve tuna fisheries in Indonesia.
The SR prioritizes the following fisheries for the initiation and expansion of FIPs:
- Catalyze establishment of longline tuna FIP in Indonesian waters of Western Central Pacific Ocean focusing on improvement of logbook submission and onboard observer program.
- Expand participation in handline yellowfin tuna FIPs in Indonesian waters of Western and Central Pacific Ocean focusing on improving the data collection.
- Catalyze more handline tuna FIPs in Indonesian waters of Indian Ocean.
- Expand participation in Indonesia longline yellowfin tuna and large pelagic FIPs in the Indian Ocean focusing on logbook improvement and onboard observer program.
1. Urge the Indonesian Government to comply with conservation and management measures (CMMs) of regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs) (IOTC, WCPFC, CCSBT, and IATTC*) including adoption of precautionary and ecosystem-based management measures (including biological reference points, harvest control rules, and increased observer coverage for longline fleets).
2. Strengthen and improve catch data collection system to ensure complete and timely submission of data sets (i.e., catches, effort, size) through better logbook submission to provide annual catch estimates by gear type and species in the archipelagic waters, territorial waters, and high seas needed for robust stock assessment to the IOTC, CCSBT, and WCPFC.
3. Urge the government to coordinate some industries’ initiative to carry out fishery-dependent data collection for small-scale fisheries.
4. Support the government to implement the National Fisheries Management Plan measures (e.g., data collection, onboard observers, port state measures, transshipment within the territorial waters).
5. Supply chain to initiate or participate in a fishery improvement project (FIP) and to publicly report the progress of the FIP regularly.
- Expand scale and participation of the FIPs—more longline and handline vessels participate in the existing FIPs.
- All industry-led FIPs maintain a FIP progress rating of A–C.
- At least 10 more boats, participating in FIPs, engage in onboard observer program and more accurate logbook submission.
Find further information on past activity here.