Approximately one third of the volume of salmon consumed globally originates from wild fisheries, while two thirds come from aquaculture. Wild salmon originates in the north Pacific and is caught by a number of countries including Canada, Japan, Russia, and the United States. The majority of wild-caught salmon goes to canning. The sustainable management of wild salmon is a subject of intense debate with many stakeholders including the commercial industry, sports fishing interests, First Nation peoples who have a strong cultural tie to the fisheries, and conservationists. The primary concerns focus around effective management of stocks and harvest volumes and the use of hatcheries to artificially enhance salmon populations.
SFP follows developments in Alaska, Canada, and the Western Pacific for wild salmon fisheries and has published a sustainability overview (link on this page). However, SFP does not coordinate a supply chain roundtable for wild salmon and is not active in catalyzing FIPs in this sector.
Farmed salmon is produced and processed in more regions than wild salmon. Leading countries in salmon production include Australia, Canada, Chile, Norway, and Scotland. Farmed salmon is not typically canned, but is prepared as fresh, smoked, or frozen product or in ready-made meals. The principle concerns around salmon farming focus on net pens and the potential for impacts on wild salmon populations and the ecosystem more widely. However, there are also concerns around the use of sustainable marine ingredients in salmon feed, antibiotics and the techniques for controlling marine mammal predators.
SFP believes that the farmed salmon sector faces some significant challenges but is relatively well managed in most countries. For instance, the industry in some countries has pioneered the use of area management techniques to reduce the risks of disease and parasitism.
SFP does not support a farmed salmon supply chain roundtable and is not active in catalyzing aquaculture improvement projects in this sector.